ScalePro BLog

Why Don’t I Get Lint in My Dryer Now That I Use ScalePro?

Lee Tate - Tuesday, April 26, 2016



The formation of hard water scale on surfaces when the water dries out also occurs on the fibers in all fabrics.


When fibers get encased in scale deposits and then are bent or flexed, the scale breaks in select locations, breaking some of the fibers of the fabric. Salt soft water users who wash in hot water only, see their clothes last a long time. They don’t seem to wear out because they only get scale encased fabrics on the cold or warm wash cycles.

Once all the water in the facility is treated with ScalePro, scale can no longer form on fabrics and therefore, the fibers in the fabric no longer break when bent.

Clothes last a long time because the fibers aren’t broken in the dryer and when you wear them. The proof of this is to simply look at the dryer lint screen. The day after installing a ScalePro unit, the clothes dryer no longer accumulates a thick deposit of lint on the screen. Most users who didn’t have salt soft water say that the usual ¼ inch thick lint layer after every cycle is now hard to see on the screen and that they sometimes use the dryer sheet to wipe the screen off, the lint layer is so thin.

This is proof that clothes and linens last a lot longer when hard water scale is prevented with ScalePro. Imagine if you still could wear that favorite old T-shirt you had years ago.


How Does Hard Water Scale Form?

Lee Tate - Monday, March 21, 2016


If you dissolve salt or sugar in water and keep adding more until it no longer dissolves, you will have reached the solubility limit of that material in the water. If you add more, it falls, by gravity, to the bottom of the container and remains solid. If you heat up the water, you increase the solubility and some of the solid on the bottom will dissolve and seem to disappear into the water. Conversely, if you cool the water, less of the material will be able to remain dissolved and the solids on the bottom will increase as the sugar or salt is reformed as crystals.



The same thing happens with minerals. Water has a solubility limit for the two primary hardness minerals in ground water, Calcium Carbonate and Silica. The solubility of these minerals in the water is usually higher than the actual concentrations in the water. That is why you cannot see scale in the water. These minerals are dissolved in the water, meaning the Calcium, Carbonate, Silicon, and Oxygen are separated from each other and free to move around independently in the water. There is no scale present. The only way scale can form is to change the solubility of the minerals in the water where the water can no longer keep the minerals dissolved.


There are only two conditions that can cause the minerals in water to form scale.

1. Evaporating the H2O, thus concentrating the minerals – the normal way, and

2. Cooling the water, thus decreasing the solubility – like what happens in ice machines.


Normally the combining of Calcium and Carbonate forms snowflake shaped crystal structures that cannot pack densely, much like snow. They are porous structures that build thick layers quickly. Once precipitated out of solution, they stick to surfaces such as the inside of pipes, on faucets, shower heads, swim pools, swamp coolers, cooling towers, and mostly on hot surfaces like heating elements in water heaters. They form hard and brittle deposits, much like limestone, that are difficult to remove. Generally, they are only removed by using strong chemicals to dissolve them back into water and then flushed out to drain. Sometimes these chemicals damage the surfaces that the scale sticks to.


ScalePro uses long wave (AM) radio waves to alter the way these minerals combine into solids. The radio waves prevent snowflake crystal formation from growing thick, porous scale. Rather, they make the Calcium Carbonate and Silica form in small particles that do not have the ability to stick to surfaces or stick to each other. When they form, they create a fine silt that is dense and heavy enough to sink to the bottom of the container and wait there until the water is flushed out the bottom drain, carrying this silt with it. This mineral silt does not stick to heating elements, it doesn’t stick to faucets, shower heads and glass walls or pool sides. It requires no chemical treatment to remove.

Since all electronic scale treatment techniques attempt to achieve the same result, the effectiveness of the treatment depends upon the use of the best signals matched to the task and to the signal strength. Most devices on the market work to some extent. ScalePro has proven to have the strongest signals, the signals best matched to cause dense crystal formation, the largest treatment field in the industry, and the result is the highest flow rates, the largest pipe sizes, and the longest lasting treatment in terms of distance and time after the water passes through the field. And the ScalePro unit is built robust. That is why ScalePro can issue a lifetime warranty on all industrial models.


The American-Made Electronic Water Softening System

Lee Tate - Tuesday, December 15, 2015



For over 20 years, water system operators have used electronic signals to reduce hard water scale build-up in pipes, valves, and appliances. Most of the technology has come from England and Germany.


Now a high-tech electronics developer in America has optimized the use of electronic AM radio signals applied to hard water that completely prevents scale formation.

By wrapping thick copper bands around the pipe and sending variable frequency radio signals through the bands, mineral scale cannot form low density crystalline structures that stick to surfaces creating scale. The radio signals make the minerals form high density silt-like crystals that cannot stick to anything, including other scale particles.

Whenever water evaporates, only the H2O is removed, leaving all of the minerals and chemicals behind. These minerals, if untreated, form hard white or yellow crystals that fiercely adhere to most surfaces as ugly scale deposits on cooling towers, faucets, showers, swimming pools, and appliances. The removal requires chemicals or chipping it off mechanically.


Most scale is Calcium Carbonate which is insoluble in water over 150 parts per million. It can be removed with mild acids such as vinegar. The other main contributor to hard wager scale is Silica, which comes from ground water in granite soils. Silica is very hard and only the harshest acids can remove it, acids that etch glass. Silica is the primary component of glass.

Salt water softeners are the primary scale reducing technique. They work by using salt to exchange Sodium for Calcium. The Calcium Chloride formed is flushed down the drain increasing water consumption and making it more difficult to treat waste water. The Sodium in the softened water is harmful to people so it is typically only used on hot water systems. In pools, spas, and showers, the unsoftened cold water mixes with hot water so the mix continues to produce scale. Also, salt water softeners have no effect on Silica scale.

ScalePro is the name of the optimized, American-made, electronic water softening system. ScalePro uses a series of signal bands, each emitting a different variable AM radio frequency depending on the size of the pipe. ScalePro has units for all pipe sizes up to 20 inch. Each unit requires only 6 watts of electricity.

ScalePro makes the minerals in the water form a fine silt that will not stick to itself or to surfaces so that the deposits that form, rinse or wipe off without any chemicals. In water heaters, the silt can be flushed out the drain fitting any time. Because the deposit density is so much higher, what normally takes a year to form, takes 4 years with ScalePro.

The great news is ScalePro prevents scale formation for both Calcium Carbonate and Silica. The ScalePro treatment process also allows treated minerals in the water stream to transfer their crystal characteristics to existing scale in the system, slowly breaking existing scale down to silt particles. Water heaters, dishwashers, washing machines, fixtures, cooling towers, spas, swim pools, and piping systems eventually clear of scale and work efficiently again. Depending on the amount of scale in the system and the flow rate, it could take several months. Once the scale is gone, efficiency returns to new condition and substantial energy is saved as well as reduced water / sewer costs. Plus there is no need to purchase salt and descaling chemicals and the labor to descale is eliminated.


Users find the ugly gray scale on red brick buildings from sprinkler systems goes away after one season as does the gray scale on trees in parks. Sprinkler heads that refuse to pop back down stop sticking up and nozzles that reduce flow, clear out. Appliances look new again, water heaters reheat much more quickly so that the 4th person to shower still gets hot water. Bath towels don’t stiffen up after a few days. Clothes are softer and don’t wear out as fast because of scale deposits on the fibers. Caulking around sinks lose the black spots that are actually bacteria growing in the porous scale deposits on the caulking.


Swimming pools and spas lose the white cloudy film above the water line. Shower heads and faucets increase the flow rate for both hot and cold, and nozzles stay aimed where they should be. Glassware spots do not form and silverware is not dull. Car wash facilities do not leave spots after drying. Soap and shampoo use is higher than soft water systems, but less than untreated water, yet soap and shampoo rinses easily, far better than the slick film with salt soft water.

Chillers, boilers, and cooling towers stay scale free with no descaling chemicals. Blow downs are still required, but require less down time and use less water. The scale formed is fine silt that is flushed to drain with a squeegee and water.


For small facilities, the cost of ScalePro is about the same as the cost of a water heater that usually are replaced every 10 years. The benefits are far more than just the replacement of a water heater. In larger facilities that have salt water softeners, The cost of scale removal by the janitorial staff usually pays the cost of the ScalePro unit in a few years and the benefits are far more than the reduction in janitorial staff. Cooling tower operators usually save the cost of ScalePro in under a year in chemical purchases alone. The savings in water and labor are a bonus.


ScalePro has many other applications in mining and marine industries. ScalePro eliminates scale formation in exposed sea water heat exchangers in marine vessels and offshore platforms. Cooling molten metals in mining operations is done with recirculated water where there is lots of instant evaporation. This causes tanks, pumps, pipes, and nozzles to scale up quickly. ScalePro prevents the crystalline scale formation that sticks to these surfaces.

Can You Guess the Largest Source of Evaporation in Your Home?

Lee Tate - Sunday, November 01, 2015


What is the location of the largest source of water evaporation in your home?

Most people say it is their toilet bowl where water is exposed all the time, 24-7. They are close to correct. However, consider the dish rag at your kitchen sink. It is kept wet all the time too and relative to the weight of the water absorbed by it, the surface area of all the fiber is many times greater than the surface of the toilet bowl. It constantly evaporates pure H2O leaving all of the soap and mineral on the fiber.


Have you wondered why after several days, a dried dish rag gets so stiff?

It is because all the mineral scale is stuck to the individual fibers of your cloth, making them feel stiff and rough.

Now think about your bath towel that is wet just a few hours every day. The same thing happens there where the water evaporates leaving the minerals on the fibers where it sticks like crazy and makes your towels stiff and rougher by the day.


The fibers break due to the scale build up and your towels, and all of your clothes, wear out faster with hard water scale. Salt water softeners eliminate the CaCO3 scale, but if you have Silica scale, they do nothing to remove it. Your washing machines generally use cold water or warm water, not hot. Salt water softeners are only used on hot water so if you wash in warm or cold water, the scale from minerals in your cold water is untreated and deposits on your clothes and towels.

ScalePro treats all the water in your house or building, both cold and hot, and prevents mineral scale, both Calcium Carbonate and Silica, from being able to stick to fabric fibers. Your clothes don’t wear our as quickly and your towels, even your dish rags, don’t stiffen up after a few days use.

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